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Sunday, 19 May 2013

Propaganda: Power and Persuasion (宣傳:權利和說服)

昨天去大英圖書館看了一個展覽叫 "宣傳:權利和說服"
I went to the British Library to see the exhibition called "Propaganda: Power and Persuasion" yesterday.

Propaganda 這個字在中文是宣傳或宣傳活動並沒有直接正確的翻譯
'Propaganda ' means information, publicity, advertising, but it doesn't have a direct translation in Chinese.

Propaganda 在英文其實是一個很負面的詞
'Propaganda' is in English is actually a very negative word.

通常是指政治人物宣傳他們的看法或著灌輸人民一些想法去影響他們的行動, 更嚴重的詞彙就是"洗腦"
It often means that Government or political persons promotes their thoughts or point of views to citizens,  to change their behaviour, a more serious word would mean to "brain wash".

"Propaganda is all around us. It is used to fight wars and fight disease, build unity and create division. Whether monumental or commonplace, sincere or insidious, propaganda is often surprising, sometimes horrific and occasionally humorous. While it’s never neutral, it can be difficult to define and identify.

Propaganda: Power and Persuasion is the first exhibition to explore international state propaganda from the 20th and 21st centuries. From the eye-opening to the mind-boggling, from the beautiful to the surprising, posters, films, cartoons, sounds and texts reveal the myriad ways that states try to influence and persuade their citizens.

Exploring a thought-provoking range of exhibits, you will find yourselves looking anew at the messages, methods, and media used by different states - discovering how they use propaganda through time and across cultures for both power and persuasion" (www.bl.uk)

'Propaganda' 就在我們身邊。它是在打仗,對抗疾病,建立統一,製造分裂時使用的。無論是有紀念性的或平凡的,真誠或陰險,宣傳往往是讓人意外的,甚至是可怕的,偶爾幽默。它從來不是中立的,也難以界定和識別。

'宣傳:權利和說服'是第一個展覽探討國際從20世紀和21世紀的國家宣傳。從開眼界到令人難以置信的, 從美麗到驚奇的,海報,電影,動畫片,聲音和文字揭示了無數的方法,試圖影響和說服國家公民。

探索一個令人深思的展覽,你會發現自己看到在不同的國家所使用的消息,方法和媒體都不太一樣 - 還有隨著時間和跨文化他們是如何使用和透過宣傳去抓住權力和說服人民。

這個展覽放了很多美國, 德國, 俄羅斯歷史上的一些政治宣傳手法, 還有一些日本, 韓國和中國的
In this exhibition, there are many 'propaganda' used by the US, Germany, Sovelt Union (Russia), also Japan, Korea, and China.

主要是以海報, 明信片, 傳單, 畫像, 郵票, 還有香煙包集卡等等能夠方便傳閱的手法
The main methods used to circulate were posters, postcards, leaflets, portrait/paintings, cigarette cards etc.

Radio was also widely produced at the war time as it was the cheapest method to reach people.

The White-Haired Girl
Chinese Film Poster (1950)

Hitler Mask and Skull
Franklin Roosevelt's Message to Young People

Mao Zedong Badge (1968)
Napoleon in his robe and state

'Pope Donkey', Deutung des Papstesels
Philipp Melanchthon (1523)

Potato Pete
British Cartoon Character from World War 2

Uncle Sam Poster

在這科技發達的時代, 社交媒體網絡像臉書, Twitter, 微博都是 'propaganda' 的工具, 'propaganda' 每天都在生活中發生, 但只是我們沒發現而已.
Today, as the technology advances social media network such Facebook and Twitter are also tools of 'propaganda'. 'Propaganda' is in our daily life, and we may not realise it is happening.

Exhibition Dates: 17 May - 17 September 2013
Price: Adult £9 | Under 18s Free | Students £5 | National Art Pass Adult £4.50

For more details and tickets see http://www.bl.uk/whatson/exhibitions/propaganda/index.html

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